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What Is Heart Disease


What Is Heart Disease


When people talk about heart disease, they’re usually talking about coronary heart disease (CHD). It’s also sometimes called coronary artery disease (CAD). This is the most common type of heart disease. When someone has CHD, the coronary arteries (tubes) that take blood to the heart are narrow or blocked. This happens when cholesterol and fatty material, called plaque, build up inside the arteries. Several things can lead to plaque building up inside your arteries, including:

  • Too much cholesterol in the blood

  • High blood pressure

  • Smoking

  • Too much sugar in the blood because of diabetes

When plaque blocks an artery, it’s hard for blood to flow to the heart. A blocked artery can cause chest pain or a heart attack. Symptoms of coronary heart disease may be different from person to person even if they have the same type of coronary heart disease. However, because many people have no symptoms, they do not know they have coronary heart disease until they have chest pain, blood flow to the heart is blocked causing a heart attack, or the heart suddenly stops working, also known as cardiac arrest.

If you have coronary heart disease, you may need heart-healthy lifestyle changes, medicines, surgery, or a combination of these approaches to your condition and prevent serious problems.


A sudden heart problem, such as a heart attack, may cause the following symptoms:

  • Angina, or chest pain caused by the heart can feel like pressure, squeezing, indigestion, burning, or tightness, and is sometimes related to physical activity. The pain or discomfort usually starts behind the breastbone, but it can also occur in the arms, shoulders, jaw, throat, or back.

  • Cold sweats

  • Dizziness

  • Light-headedness

  • Nausea or a feeling of indigestion

  • Neck pain

  • Shortness of breath, especially with activity

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Weakness

Women are less likely than men to experience chest pain with a heart attack. Instead, they are more likely to experience:

  • Dizziness

  • Extreme tiredness

  • Nausea

  • Pressure or tightness in the chest

  • Stomach pain

You may also have some symptoms of a sudden heart problem, such as chest pain, shortness of breath, or neck pain, that go away with rest and come back with activity. These symptoms may get worse as the buildup of plaque continues to narrow the coronary arteries. Chest pain or discomfort that does not go away or happens more often or while you are resting might be a sign of a heart attack. If you do not know whether your chest pain is angina or a heart attack, call 9-1-1 right away. All chest pain should be checked by a healthcare provider.



For more ways to get healthy in 2023, check out our Healthy tips in our BLOGS here at Decena Home Care. To learn more about us, visit our social media accounts FACEBOOK, INSTAGRAM, and TWITTER.


At Decena Home Care, We are passionate and committed to providing excellent quality in-home services to help seniors enjoy their "golden years". Our company provides competent, trustworthy, and compassionate caregivers.

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